Comments on Works | Recommendation of New Books: Ha Quanan’s “General History of Iran”

2020-06-22 | By Historian | Filed in: Character.

Author: Ha Quanan
Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences PressPublication year: 2020-4
Pages: 345   Pricing:88.00 yuan
World History and Culture Series

This book was written by Mr. Ha Quanan, a great historian in the Middle East, on the basis of decades of research on Iranian history. The historical materials are reliable and contain more than 100 rare and wonderful historical photos, which are illustrated with pictures and texts and highly readable. From the Persian Empire to today’s Iranian Republic, it is what that led to today’s Iranian problem and what that really created today’s Iran in the long history of thousands of years.

Content Abstract:

Iran’s historical tradition has a long history, and the vast plateau hot soil gave birth to a dazzling ancient civilization. After BC, the Persian Empire dominated the Middle East for thousands of years. In the following hundreds of years, the warriors and horses of Arabs, Turks and Mongolians galloped across the vast Yuan Ye between Zagros Mountain and Amu Darya River, and foreign ethnic groups came on stage. Since the Safawi dynasty, Iran’s geopolitical map has gradually solidified, and Shiite conversion has become a spiritual bond that unites Iran’s national feelings and religious and political identity. At the end of the Kaiga Dynasty, the dawn of modern civilization suddenly appeared, and the iceberg of traditional order showed signs of melting. Entering the 20th century, Iran has experienced great development of modernization. Constitutional Revolution, White Revolution and Islamic Revolution can be called the historical coordinates of Iran’s modernization process. The surging mass movement ushered in the brilliant glow rising in the Islamic Republic of Ran Ran, thus entering a brand-new era in Iranian history.

Author’s brief introduction:

Ha Quanan, born in 1961, from Jilin City, Jilin Province, is a Hui nationality. He graduated from the History Department of Peking University in 1982 with a major in world history and obtained a doctor’s degree from Northeast Normal University in 1991. He was a professor in the School of History of Nankai University and a professor in the School of Humanities of Zhejiang University. He was successively employed as a professor of Zijiang Scholars of East China Normal University and a leading liberal arts talent of Zhejiang University. He is currently a professor in Tianjin Normal University, a member of the Standing Committee of the Tianjin Municipal Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, and a deputy director of the Culture, Literature and History Committee of the Tianjin Municipal Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. Selected into the first batch of outstanding talents support plan of the Ministry of Education in the new century and the first batch of 131 innovative talents training projects in Tianjin. He won the Tianjin University Teacher Award and Baosteel Outstanding Teacher Award. He gave a lecture on “Ancient and Middle History of the World” and was selected into the National Excellent Course and the National Excellent Resource Sharing Course. He has published many papers in academic journals such as “Historical Research”, “World History”, “Historical Theory Research”, “World Religious Research” and “West Asia and Africa”. The book “Middle East History 610-2000” won the “Three Hundred” Original Works Award of the General Administration of Press and Publication, ranking first in the “Annual Report of China’s Highly Cited Books” (2010-2014) list of world history disciplines.

Famous Recommendation:

      The publication of Professor Ha Quanan’s masterpiece “General History of Iran” is a major event in the field of Iranian studies in China. Using his knowledge of Middle East history and profound academic foundation, the author has made a very profound and detailed description and analysis of Persia 2500 years ago and the Islamic Republic today. “General History of Iran” is a useful teaching material for all those who study or wish to know Iran.

-Hua Liming (Former Chinese Ambassador to Iran and Senior Diplomat)


      As a famous researcher in the history of the Middle East in China, the author boldly abandons many prejudices in the ancient and modern East and West academic circles, objectively reviews the rise and fall of Iran’s civilization in the past 5,000 years, completely presents the clues of its historical development, and shows the majestic spirit of “understanding the changes of ancient and modern times and becoming a family’s words”.

-Zhu Kai (Senior Professor of Beijing Foreign Studies University and Famous Scholar of Middle East Culture)


      The Iranian issue continues to attract attention, but most people know little about Iranian history. This book is rich in historical materials and illustrated with pictures and texts. The author is a well-known Middle East historian in China. He is rich in learning, rigorous in research and quick in thinking. He explains Iran’s thousands of years of history with a pen of life. This book is an excellent reading material for ordinary readers to fully understand Iranian history and is also a rare reference book for professionals.

-Li Weijian (Senior Researcher of Shanghai Institute of International Studies and Vice President of China Middle East Society)


   The most complete monograph on Iranian history written by Chinese so far is also a must for people who are interested in Iran.

-Cheng Tong (Dean of the School of Oriental Languages of Shanghai Foreign Studies University and a Famous Scholar in Iranian Studies)



I. Natural Environment
II. Ethnic Groups and Religions
Three, the long river of history

Chapter 1Ancient civilization with a long history
Section 1 Prehistoric Culture and Early Civilization
I. Prehistoric Culture
Second, Elan culture
Three, the Kuti and Gahite
4. Aryan Coming
5. The Kingdom of Midi

Section 2 The Ahemenid Dynasty
I. Origin of Ahemenid Dynasty
Second, territorial expansion
Third, empires and provinces
Fourth, tolerance and pluralism
5. Zoroastrianism
6. The War between Persia and Greece

Section 3 Alexander’s Crusade and Iran under Seleucid Dynasty
First, Alexander’s Eastern Expedition
Second, Iran under the Rule of Seluku Kingdom

Section 4 Alsace Dynasty
First, the rise of the Alsace Dynasty
Second, the war between the Alsace Dynasty and the Romans
Third, the historical position of the Alsace Dynasty

Section 5 Sassanian Dynasty
1. Succession to the throne
Second, the royal power and the state
III. Religious Life
4. War between Sassanian Dynasty and Roman-Byzantine Empire

Chapter 2The splendid Middle Ages
Section 1 From the Arab Conquest of Medina Caliphate to the Rule of Umayyad
I. Arab Conquest in Medina Harry’s Era
Second, the East under the Umayyad Dynasty

Section 2 From Abbas Movement to Khorasan Uprising
First, the rise of Abbasianism
Second, Khorasan in Umayyad era
Third, Abu Muslims and Khorasan Uprising

Section 3: The Eastward Shift of Political Center of Gravity and Persian Elements in the Political Stage in the Early Period of Abbasid Dynasty
First, the eastward shift of the political center of gravity in the early days of Abbas Dynasty
Second, Persian Elements in the Political Stage of the Early Abbasid Dynasty
Third, the Civil War between Amin and Mamon

Section 4 The Aboriginal Iranian Dynasty under Abbas Khalifa
I. Tahir Dynasty
Second, Safar Dynasty
3. Saman Dynasty
4. Ghazni Dynasty
5. Baiyi Dynasty

Section 5 From the Master of the East-Sultanate of Seljuk
First, the rise of Seljuk people
Second, from Aleb Arslan to Maliksha
III. Disintegration of the Sultanate of Seljuk

Section 6 Iran after Mongolia’s Western Expedition
I. Ilhan State
2. Timur Empire
III. Turkmen Dynasty

Section 7 Medieval Persian Culture
I. Persian Scholars in Arab Islamic Culture
Second, the revival of Persian and the development of Persian literature (dian feng)

Chapter 3From Safawi Dynasty to Kaiga Dynasty
Section 1 Rise and Fall of Safavi Dynasty
I. Origin of Safar Dynasty
Second, the succession of the throne and the change of territory
Third, monarchical politics and tribal tradition
Fourth, the relationship between religious politics and religious customs
5. Social Structure and Economic Life

Section 2 Changes of the Kaiga Dynasty
First, the turbulent period of the 18th century
Second, the State and Society in the Kaiga Dynasty
Third, the development of Shiite Islam

Section 3 Twilight of Traditional Civilization and Dawn of Modern Civilization
First, the impact of the West
Second, the decline of Iran’s traditional economic and social order
Third, the New Deal Measures in the 19th Century
Fourth, the initiation of constitutional thought
Five, social contradictions and the public movement against the transfer of tobacco monopoly rights
6. Constitutional Movement from 1905 to 1911

Chapter 4The Modern Road of Pahlavi Dynasty
Section 1 Establishment of Pahlavi Dynasty and Secular Authoritarian Rule in Reza Khan Era
First, the establishment of Pahlavi Dynasty
Second, the authoritarian politics and economic and social reform measures in the Reza Khan era
Third, the start of industrialization and economic and social development
Fourth, Reza Khan’s Historical Position in Iran’s Modernization Process

Section 2 Brief Revival of Parliamentary Politics from 1941 to 1953
I. Parliament and Political Parties after Reza Khan Abdicated
II. Mossadegh and Democratization Movement in 1953

The White Revolution of King Pahlavi
First, agriculture and villages before the White Revolution
Second, the land reform during the White Revolution
Third, the White Revolution and Agricultural Production
Fourth, the rapid development of industrialization
V. Urbanization Process
6. Population Structure and Social Welfare

Section 4 “Dictatorship Model of Development”
First, the strengthening of authoritarian politics
Second, secular political parties and monarchical dictatorship

Section 5 The End of Secular Monarchy and “The Revolution of Turban Replacing Crown”
First, the growth and decline of constitutionalism and dictatorship
Second, secular political opposition
Third, the evolution of the relationship between teaching and customs
Fourth, the social foundation of modern Islamism
5. Pioneer of Shiite Modern Islamism
6. Ali Shariati’s Concept of Religious Politics
VII. Religious and Political Connotation of Khomeini Doctrine
Eight, Pahlavi Dynasty Fall Social Root
Nine, the mountain rain is coming and the wind is full of buildings.
Ten, from the mass movement to the political revolution
Eleven, from the White Revolution to the Islamic Revolution: Modernization Countercurrent or Historical Progress?

Chapter 5The Islamic Republic-A New Chapter in Iran’s History
The Establishment of the Phakih System and the Rule of the Jurists
I. Constitution of the Islamic Republic
Second, Islamization in Khomeini’s Period
Third, the rule of religious jurists

Section 2 Political Ideas in Post-Khomeini Era
First, the paradox of the political system and the differences of political ideas
2. Ayatollah Yezdi, Representative of Political Ideas of Official Religious Scholars
Third, Ayatollah Montaze and Dissidents among Religious Scholars
Fourth, Tahami’s Political Idea and “Religious Democracy” Thought
5. Political Ideas of Secular Intellectuals and Solush’s “Religious Democracy” Thought

Section 3 Political factions in the post-Khomeini era
First, the growth and decline and transformation of political factions
Second, Party Politics and Political Tendency
Third, “Akbar Sha” and the New Economic Policy of Rafsanjani Government
Four, “Ayatollah Gorbachev” and Khatami Government’s Reform Measures
Five, the resistance to political reform
Six, the rise of the new left and political dark horse Ahmadinejad

Section 4 Election Politics and Popular Participation in Post-Khomeini Era
I. Normalized Election Politics
II. Factional Competition and Public Participation under the Framework of Election Politics
Third, the secularity of election politics
IV. Limitations of Election Politics

Section 5 Great Economic and Social Progress
I. Economic Development of the Islamic Republic
Second, the continuation of urbanization and the narrowing of the gap between urban and rural areas
Third, the progress of education
Fourth, the improvement of women’s educational status


This article is reproduced from the public number: Middle East Observer


Comments are closed here.