Interview | Famous Chinese Historians and Their Works in the 20th Century

2020-07-02 | By Historian | Filed in: Character.

The text was transferred from the theory of literature, history and politics, and the picture was added by the editor of the theory of modern history.

Bai Shouyi (1909-2000) was named Zhao Lun, also known as Zhemaludin. Hui nationality. From Kaifeng, Henan.

Editor-in-chief of “Outline of China’s General History”, “Chinese Historiography”, “Introduction to Historiography”, “Records of Hui People” (4 volumes in total), “Hui History”, “Hui Uprising”, “General History of China” (12 volumes, 22 volumes) and other books, Author of “Chinese Traffic History”, “Toddler’s Collection”, “New Theory of Historical Records”, “Historical Education and Historical Heritage”, “Chinese Islamic History Collection”, “Chinese Historiography History” (Volume 1), “Bai Shouyi Ethnic Religion Collection”, “Bai Shouyi Historiography Collection”, “Chinese Historiography History Collection”, etc.


Cen Zhongmian (1886-1961) was named Ming Shu, Zhong Mian and Ru Mao. From Shunde County, Guangdong Province.

Author of “Sui and Tang Dynasties History”, “Sui Shu Qiushi”, “Tang Shi Yu Shen”, “Tong Jian Sui and Tang Ji Bi Shi Questioning”, “Tang People’s Bank of China Di Lu”, “Jin Shi Lun Cong” (published by Shanghai Ancient Books Publishing House in 1981), “Yellow River Change History”, “Government Military System Research”, “Western Zhou Dynasty Social System Issues”, “Two Zhou Wen Shi Lun Cong”, “Mo Zi Cheng Shou Various Notes”; The study of history and geography in Northwest China includes “Supplement and Textual Research of Historical Materials of West Turkic”, “History of Turkic Collection” and “Textual Research of History and Geography at Home and Abroad”. The main papers are included in Cen Zhongmian’s Collection of Historical Essays.


Chen Yinque (1890-1969) was born in Yining, Jiangxi (now Xiushui County).

Author of “Chen Yinque’s Speech Record on the History of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties” (not written in his own hand, but later compiled by students according to notes), “A Brief Discussion on the Origin of Sui and Tang Dynasties System”, “Yuan Bai’s Poetry Notes”, “Small Logic”, “Liu Rushi Biography”, “Jin Ming Guan Cong Gao Bian”, “Han Liu Tang Ji”, “Chen Yinque’s Academic and Cultural Essay”, “Chen Yinque’s Collected Works”, “Jin Ming Guan Cong Gao Er Bian”, etc.


Chen Yuan (1880-1971) was named Yuan an. People from Xinhui, Guangdong.

Author of “Yuan Xiyu People’s North China Examination”, “Ming Dynasty Yunnan and Guizhou Buddhism Examination”, “Introduction to Chinese Buddhist Historical Records” and “Tong Jian Hu Zhu Biao Wei”, etc. In terms of religious history, there are “Zoroastrianism into China Examination” (1922), “Manichaeism into China Examination” (1923), “Hui Islam into China History Brief” (1927), etc. He studied the history of the Yuan Dynasty, engaged in the proofreading and supplementing of the Yuan Laws, and wrote the proofreading and supplementing of the Yuan Laws, also known as the proofreading and supplementing of the Yuan Laws. The achievements of textual research and archaeology include “The Collection of the History of the Old Five Dynasties” (1937), “The Runtable of Twenty Histories” and “The Calendar of Chinese and Western History”. He read a large number of statements about taboo by Song and Qing people, and widely collected and quoted more than 100 kinds of ancient books and materials to write “Examples of Taboo in History”.


Chen Mengjia (1911-1966) used the pseudonym Chen Manzai, originally from Shangyu County, Zhejiang Province, and was born in Nanjing.

Compiled “A Summary of Oracle Inscriptions in Yin Ruins” “Dating of Bronze Ware in Western Zhou Dynasty” “Examination of the Age of Western Zhou Dynasty”, “Chronology of Six Countries”, “General Theory of Shangshu” (Commercial Press 1957), “Wuwei Han Bamboo Slips” (Cultural Relics Publishing House 1964), “Han Bamboo Slips” (Zhonghua Book Company 1980), “Comprehensive Record of Chinese Bronze Ware”, “Lao Zi’s Present Interpretation” (Chongqing Commercial Press 1945), “First Collection of Examination and Interpretation of Overseas Chinese Bronze Ware Catalogue” (Beijing Library, Commercial Press 1946), “Collection of Chinese Yin and Zhou Bronze Ware looted by US Imperialism” (Science Publishing House 1962), etc.


Chen Hansheng (1897-2004), formerly known as Chen Shu, was born in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province. Experts on Peasant Issues and World History.

Author of “Chinese Farmers”, “Xishuangbanna’s Land System”, “American Monopoly Capital (World Knowledge Publishing House, 1995),” Indian Mughal Dynasty “(reprinted by Beijing Commercial Press, 1979),” Selected Works of Chen Hansheng “(Fudan University Publishing House, 1985),” China’s Rural Areas Before Liberation “Series 1-3 (edited jointly with Xue Muqiao and Feng Hefa, Outlook Publishing House), Rural Economy of Wuxi and Baoding before and after Liberation (co-edited with Xue Muqiao and Qin Liufang), etc.


Deng Guangming (1907-1998) was born in Linyi, Shandong Province. Song historians.

Author of “Textual Research on Official Records of Song History”, “Xin Jiaxuan Chronology”, “Annotation on Chronology of Jia Xuan Ci”, “Biography of Yue Fei” (Joint Publishing 1955), “Wang Anshi-China’s Reformer in the 11th Century” (People’s Publishing House 1975), “Political and Economic Issues in the Two Song Dynasties” (Knowledge Publishing House 1988), “Chronology of Han Shizhong”, “Biography of Xin Qiji”, “Chronology of Xin Jiaxuan”, “Biography of Chen Longchuan”, etc.


Dong Zuobin (1895-1963), formerly known as Zuoren, was born in Nanyang, Henan Province.

Author of “Yin Ruins Character a Compilation”, “Yin Calendar Seen in Oracle Inscriptions” (1931), “Yin Calendar Spectrum” (1945), “Western Zhou Dynasty Calendar Spectrum”, “Yin Ruins Character B Compilation”, “Chinese Almanac Spectrum” (in Chinese and English), etc.


Fan Wenlan (1893-1969) was born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province.

Author of “Outline of Philosophers”, “Examination of Official History”, “Notes on Wen Xin Diao Long” and “Introduction to Qunjing”. His “Compendium of General History of China” and “Modern History of China” (Volume 1) are the first works that systematically describe the general history of China from the perspective of Marxism. Editor-in-chief of Nian Army.


Fang Zhuangyou (1902-1970) was originally named Zhang Xiu. He came from Xiangtan, Hunan.

He has studied the history of nationalities and the history of Song, Liao, Jin and Yuan Dynasties for a long time, and his works focus on textual research. Discuss with Guo Moruo, Xia Nai and other letters and compile a volume of Chu Tomb Communication Collection. Author of “Summary of Chinese Historiography”, etc.


Feng Jiasheng (1904-1970) was named Bo Ping. Xiaoyi County, Shanxi Province.

Co-authored “Chinese Social History-Liao” (English) and “Uygur Historical Materials”; Author of “The Invention of Chinese Gunpowder and Its Western Spread”; Translation includes “Donghu Ethnic Examination” and so on.


Feng Chengjun (1887-1946) was born in Hankou, Hubei Province. Chinese and foreign transportation historians.

Author of “Interpretation of the History and Geography of the Western Regions”, “Annotation of Ying Ya Sheng Lan School”, “Annotation of Xing Cha Sheng Lan School”, “Marco Polo’s Journey”, “Biography of Genghis Khan”, “Traffic History of Southeast Asia in China”, “Besides Qiuci Bai Xing”, “Gaochang Town and Puchang in Tang Dynasty”; Translation of “Tuhuo Luo Language Examination” (Pelliot and Levi Yuan), etc.

Fu Sinian (1896-1950) was originally born in Liaocheng, Shandong Province, with the word Meng Zhen. His ancestral home was Yongfeng, Jiangxi Province.

Author of “Outline of Northeast History” (Volume I), “Differentiation of Ancient Says of Life”, “Ancient China and Nation” (manuscript), “History of Ancient Literature” (manuscript); He has published more than 100 papers, mainly including “Yi Xia Dong Xi Shuo”, “On the reason why Confucius’ theory was adapted to the society since Qin and Han Dynasties”, “Comments on the origin of the unification of Qin and Han Dynasties and the Warring States people’s imagination of the world”, etc. There are six volumes of “Mr. Fu Mengzhen’s Collection”.


Gu Jiegang (1893-1980), formerly known as Song Kun, was born in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province. He is the founder of the School of Distinguishing Modern Ancient History and the founder of Chinese historical geography and folklore.

Author of “Debate on Ancient History”, “A Brief Account of Academic History of Han Dynasty”, “Alchemists and Confucian Scholars in Qin and Han Dynasties”, “General Inspection of Shangshu”, “History of China’s Territory Evolution”, “Miscellaneous Knowledge of History and Forest”, “Lecture Notes on the Study of Ancient Chinese History”, “Collected Essays on Ancient History of Gu Jiegang”, etc.


Guo Moruo (1892-1978), formerly known as Kaizhen, was named Shangwu and was once named Dingtang. From Leshan, Sichuan.

Editor-in-Chief of Oracle Bone Inscriptions Collection; Archaeological articles include “Research on Ancient Chinese Society”, “Research on Oracle Bone Inscriptions”, “Research on Oracle Inscriptions”, “Research on Bronze Ware and Bronze Inscriptions of Yin and Shang Dynasties”, “Ten Criticism Books”, “Slavery Era” and “Collection of Literature and History”. His life’s works were edited into 38 volumes of the Complete Works of Guo Moruo, including 20 volumes of Literature, 8 volumes of History and 10 volumes of Archaeology.


Guo Tingyi (1904-1975) measured Yu. The pioneer of modern Chinese history and the advocate of oral history. From Wuyang, Henan.

Author of “Outline of Modern Chinese History”, “Journal of Modern Chinese History”, “Journal of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom History”, “Modern Chinese History”, “Changes in Modern China”, “Journal of Republic of China History”, “Journal of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom History”, “Textual Research on Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Calendar”, “Overview of Taiwan History”, etc.


Han Rulin (1903-1983) was named Hong an. From Wuyang, Henan. An expert in Mongolian history.

Author of “Qionglu Collection”, “Han Rulin Collected Works” and editor-in-chief of “Yuan Dynasty History”.


He Ziquan (1911-2011) was from Heze, Shandong Province.

His major works include “A Brief History of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties” (Shanghai People’s Publishing House, 1958), “General History of China, Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties”, “Ancient Chinese Society” (Henan People’s Publishing House, 1991), “Patriotic Scholar: Eighty-Five Readme”, “Reading History Collection” and “Economic Research of Buddhist Monasteries in Han and Tang Dynasties in the past 50 Years”.


He Bingsong (1890-1946) was named Bai Cheng. People from Houxihe Village, Jinhua, Zhejiang Province.

Author of “New Meaning of General History”, “New Historiography”, “Historical Research Law”, “Historical Education Law”, “History of Western Historiography”, “Middle European History”, “Qin Shihuang Emperor”, “Modern European History”, “Modern European History”, “Tracing the Origin of Eastern Zhejiang School”, “Cheng Zhu Debate on Different”, etc.


Hou Wailu (1903-1987) was originally named Zhaolin, also known as Yushu, and was named Wailu. People from Pingyao County, Shanxi Province.

Author of “Ancient Chinese Society and Lao Zi”, “History of Ancient Chinese Society”, “History of Ancient Chinese Thought and Theory” (first and second volumes), “History of Modern Chinese Thought and Theory”, “History of Modern Chinese Philosophy”, “Outline of Chinese Thought and History” (first and second volumes), “History of Chinese Feudal Society”, “History of Neo-Confucianism in Song and Ming Dynasties” (first and second volumes), etc. Translate Das Kapital.


Hu Houxuan (1911-1995) was born in Wangdu, Hebei Province.

Editor-in-chief of “Collection of Oracle Bone Inscriptions”, “Interpretation of Collection of Oracle Bone Inscriptions”, “Source Table of Collection of Materials of Oracle Bone Inscriptions”, “History of Oracle Bone Inscriptions and Shang Dynasty”, Author of “Collection of Shang History of Oracle Bone Inscriptions” (4 volumes), “Historical Materials Issues of Ancient Studies”, “Summary of Discovery of Oracle Bone Inscriptions in 50 Years”, “Catalogue of Works of Oracle Bone Inscriptions in 50 Years”, “Collection of Newly Obtained Oracle Bone Inscriptions after World War II” (4 kinds), etc.


Hu Shi (1891-1962), formerly known as Hu Hongli, Hong Masin and Si Yang, changed his name to Shi and Shi after taking the “Gengkuan” examination in the United States. His scientific name was Hong Li, and his pseudonyms were Tianfeng and Zang Hui. Anhui Jixi people.

Author of “Outline of Chinese Philosophy History” (1919), “Attempt Collection” (1920), “Hu Shiwen Cun” (1921), “Hu Shiwen Cun 2” (1924), “Hu Shiwen Cun 3” (1930), “Dai Dongying’s Philosophy” (1927), “History of Vernacular Literature” (1928), “Hu Shiwen Selected Works” (1935), “40 Readme” (1933), “Notes on Hu Shixue” (1939), “Hu Shixue Diary” (1933), “Qi Baishi Chronicle” (co-edited with Li Jinxi and Deng Guangming, 1949), and “History of Pre-Qin Famous Studies” (1922) and other English works. He also translated the short stories of Dude, Mobsan, Chekhov and others (edited into two episodes of “Short Stories” and published them successively), as well as Bailun’s long poem “Mourning Greece” and Ibsen’s play “Nora” (translated together with Luo Jialun). After Hu Shi’s death, Taiwan edited and published “Selected Works of Hu Shi” (1966), “Hu Shi Manuscripts” (10 volumes, 1966-1970), etc., while the mainland published “Selected Letters from Hu Shi” (1979), “Preface and Postscript Collection of Hu Shi’s Book Review” (1987), “Collected Works of Hu Shi” (12 volumes, 1998), etc.


Huang Xianfan (1899-1982) was born in Fusui County, Guangxi. Zhuang nationality.

Author of “Outline of General History of China”, “Outline of Tang Dynasty Society”, “Song Dynasty Taixue National Salvation Movement”, “Brief History of Guangxi Zhuang Nationality”, “Nong Zhigao Uprising”, “General History of Zhuang Nationality” (co-author), etc.


Jian Bozan (1898-1968) was originally named Xiang Shi, a Uygur from Taoyuan, Hunan.

Editor-in-chief of “Sino-Soviet Semimonthly”, “Sino-Soviet Wenhua”, “University Monthly” and “Series of Materials on Modern Chinese History”, “Compilation of Biographies of All Ethnic Groups in past Dynasties”, “Chronology of Chinese and Foreign History” and other magazines, Editor-in-chief of “Reform Movement of 1898”, “Reference Materials for General History of China” and “Outline of Chinese History”. He also wrote “Recent World Capitalist Economy”, “Course of Historical Philosophy”, “Outline of Chinese History”, “History of Pre-Qin Dynasty”, “History of Qin and Han Dynasties”, “Collection of Chinese History” and “Collection of Historical Issues”.


Jiang Tingfu (1895-1965) was a native of Shaoyang, Hunan.

Author of “The History of Foreign Aggression in Northeast China in Recent 300 Years”, “Modern History of China”, “A Collection of Materials on Modern Chinese Diplomatic History” (Part I and Part II), “Selected Works of Jiang Tingfu” (Taipei Wenxing Publishing House), and translation of Hayes’s “On Ethnic Nationalism”.


Jin Yufu (1887-1962) was nicknamed Jingzhai. Liaoyang, Liaoning.

Author of “Bohai State Chronicle Long Compilation”, “Liao Hai Series”, “Fengtian General Chronicle”, “Northeast Literature Collection” and “Northeast General History”, “Chinese History”, “History of Chinese Historiography” and so on.


Lao Gan (1907-2003) was born in Changsha, Hunan Province. His research scope is centered on the Han Dynasty, up to the ancient times, down to the Northern Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties. The focus is on Juyan Han bamboo slips.

Author of “Textual Research on Juyan Han Bamboo Slips”, “New Research on Wooden Bamboo Slips in the Western Border of Han and Jin Dynasties”, “Qin and Han Dynasties History”, “Dunhuang Art”, “Chenglu Poetry Draft”, “Lao Gan Academic Essays”, “Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties History”, etc.


Lei Haizong (1902-1962) was named Bolun. People from Yongqing County, Hebei Province.

He has compiled “General History of China”, “Selected Readings of General History of China”, “General History of the West”, “Selected Readings of General History of the West” (in the early 1930s), “Chinese Culture and Chinese Soldiers” (published by the Commercial Press in 1940), “Lecture Notes on Exchange of Ancient History in the World” (approved by the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China), etc. In addition, there are many historical papers such as “Historical Forms and Examples”, “Spring and Autumn Period at Home and Abroad”, “Nomadic World and Indigenous World of Asia-Europe Prairie in Middle and Late Ancient Times”, etc.


Liang Qichao (1873-1929) was named Zhuo Ru, Ren Gong, the owner of the ice drinking room, the ice drinking son, the mourning guest, the new people of China, and the owner of the free lent. People from Xinhui, Guangdong. Representative figures of modern Chinese reformists, famous political activists, enlightenment thinkers, bourgeois propagandists, educators, historians and writers in modern Chinese history. One of the leaders of the Reform Movement of 1898.

Author of “Introduction to Academic Studies in Qing Dynasty”, “Mozi’s Academic Case”, “Chinese History Research Law”, “Academic History of China in the past 300 Years”, “Love Sage Du Fu”, “Qu Yuan Research”, “History of Political Thought in Pre-Qin Dynasty”, “History of Chinese Culture”, “Xin Min Shuo”, etc. There are many works, of which “Collection of Ice Drinking Rooms” is relatively complete.



Li Dazhao (1889-1927) was born in Leting County, Hebei Province.

The remaining works are compiled into “Collected Works of Li Dazhao” and “Complete Works of Li Dazhao”, and the works on historiography are compiled into “Collected Works of Li Dazhao’s Historiography”.


Li Jiannong (1880 ~ 1963) Desheng. People from Tantou, Xixiang, Shaoyang, Hunan (now Longhui County). Committed to the study of modern political history.

Author of “China’s Political History in the Last 30 Years” (the author deleted the introduction and the last chapter and renamed them “China’s Political History in the Thirty Years after the Reform Movement of 1898”) and “China’s Political History in the Last 100 Years”. An Introduction to Political Science gives a comprehensive introduction to western political science. During the Anti-Japanese War, he wrote “China’s Economic History Draft”, which was later supplemented and published in three volumes: “Economic History Draft of Pre-Qin and Han Dynasties”, “Economic History Draft of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, Sui and Tang Dynasties” and “Economic History Draft of Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasties”. This is a monograph that systematically studies China’s economic history.


Li Ji (1896-1979) was named Ji Zhi and Zhong Xiangren, Hubei Province.

Author of “The Formation of the Chinese Nation”, “Prehistoric Remains of Xiyin Village”, “Beginning of Chinese Civilization”, “Anyang”, “Prehistoric Remains of Xiyin Village”, “Yin Ruins Utensils Jia Bian Pottery”, “Li Ji Archaeological Essays”, “New Collection of Chinese Archaeological Reports”, etc. Co-authored “Special Issue on Antiquities Research”.


Li Xin (1918 ~ 2004) was originally named Li Zhongshen. People from Anfu Town, Rongchang County, Sichuan Province (now Chongqing City).

Author of “A Brief History of China’s New Democratic Revolution”, “Several Issues in the History of China’s Revolution”, “Speech on the History of China’s New Democratic Revolution”, etc., editor-in-chief of “General History of China’s New Democratic Revolution Period” (4 volumes), “History of China’s Revolution” (12 volumes in the book) and “History of the Republic of China” (13 volumes in the book), etc.


Liu Yichi (1879-1956) was born in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province.

Author of “Chinese Cultural History” and “Essentials of Chinese History”, etc.


Liu Chongluan (1897-1990) was born in Fuzhou, Fujian. The history of Europe and the United States are the main ones.

There are many scattered works in both Chinese and English, which have not been compiled into a book. They are scattered in Taipei’s monthly biographical literature, including “Mourning for Mr. Mei Yuehan, a former teacher” (one volume and one issue), “Memories of Graduating from Tsinghua School 50 Years ago” (13 volumes and one issue), “Authentic Works of Mr. Mei Yuehan’s Calligraphy Family Background” (16 volumes and two issues), and “Brother Ting Fu I Know” (29 volumes and five issues).


Lv Zhenyu (1900-1980) was born in Wugang County, Hunan Province (now Shaoyang County).

Author of “A Brief History of the Chinese Nation”, “Chinese Society in the Shang Dynasty”, “History of Chinese Political Thought”, “Research on Chinese Society in Early History”, “Concise General History of China”, “Collection of Historical Comments”, “Collection of Historical Research Papers”, “Issues in Chinese Social History”, “Lecture Notes on Chinese History”, etc.


Lv Simian (1884-1957) was born in Wujin, Jiangsu Province (now Changzhou City).

Author of Vernacular History of China (1923), Lu Zhu’s General History of China (1940, 1945), History of Pre-Qin Dynasty (1942), History of Qin and Han Dynasties (1947), History of Two Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties (1948), History of Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties (1957), History of Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties (1957), History of Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties (1926), Introduction to Pre-Qin Learning (1933), Outline of Neo-Confucianism (1931), Literature of Song Dynasty (1931), History of Chinese System, Four Kinds of Philology, Notes of Lu Simian’s Reading History, etc.



Luo Ergang (1901-1997) was born in Guixian County, Guangxi (now Guigang City). Expert in the history of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.

His works include “History of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom”, “Collection of Essays on the History of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom” (10 episodes), “Notes on Li Xiucheng’s Readme Manuscript”, “Records of Xiang Army Soldiers” and “Records of Green Soldiers”.


Luo Jialun (1897-1969), Zi Zhixi, pseudonym Yi, was the head of Zhenjiang, Ke Qiao, Shaoxing.

Author of “New National View”, “New Outlook on Life”, “Culture and Education and Youth”, “Science and Metaphysics”, “Collection of the Dead”, “Textual Research on Historical Materials of Mr. Zhongshan’s London Difficulties”, “Mr. Cai Yuanpei and Peking University”, etc.


Luo Xianglin (1906-1978) is a native of Shuilou Village, Ningxin Town, Xingning City, Guangdong Province. Pioneer of Hakka research. Learning from Liang Qichao, Wang Guowei and other famous scholars. The first genealogy opened up a new field of historical research after Oracle Bone Studies, Dunhuang Studies and Jiandu Studies.

His pioneering works such as Introduction to Hakka Research, Examination of Hakka Origin and Development, and Collection of Hakka Historical Materials laid the foundation for Hakka research. He is also the author of “Research on Chinese Genealogy” “History of Chinese Nationality”, “General History of China”, “Wen Cun of Yi Tang”, “Fu Bingchang and Modern China”, “Cultural History of Tang Dynasty”, “Cliff Buddha Statue of Guilin in Tang Dynasty”, “Nestorianism of Tang and Yuan Dynasties”, “Origin and Development of the Father of the Nation”, “History of Hong Kong’s Previous Dynasties”, “Exchange between Hong Kong and Chinese and Western Cultures”, “Theory of National Existence”, “Historical Relics of the Father of the Nation in Hong Kong”, “Friendship between the Father of the Nation and Europe and America”, “Folklore Theory”, etc.


Ma Feibai (1896-1984), a native of Yonggu Town, Longhui, Hunan Province, was a famous scholar in the history of the pre-Qin Dynasty.

Author of “Biography of Emperor Qin Shihuang”, “History of Qin Ji”, “Outline of Qin History”, “Sang Hong’s Year of Sheep”, “New Interpretation of Guan Zi’s Heavy and Heavy Articles”, etc.


Ma Heng (1881-1955) was named Shu Ping. He was not to blame in other departments. He was from Yinxian County, Zhejiang Province. Archaeologist of epigraphy, calligrapher and seal carver.

Author of “Summary of Chinese Epigraphy” and “Fan Jiangzhai Epigraphy” etc.


Ma Changshou (1907-1971) was also known as Songling and Songmeng. Xiyang County, Shanxi Province.

Author of “Classification, Constitution, Species and Social Organization of Kangzang Nationality”, “Genealogy of Luoyi in Liangshan”, “Social History of Jiarong Nationality”, “Origin of Po Religion”, “Classification of Nationalities in Southwest China”, “On Slavery in Xiongnu Tribal Countries”, “Turks and Turkic Khanate”, “Tribal Composition and Slavery in Nanzhao Country”, “Beidi and Xiongnu”, “Wuhuan and Xianbei”, etc. His posthumous works include “Investigation of Luoyi in Liangshan”, “First Draft of Ancient History of Yi Nationality”, “Di and Qiang”, “Guanzhong Tribe from Former Qin Dynasty to Early Sui Dynasty Seen in Inscriptions” and “Investigation Data of Shaanxi Hui Uprising during Tongzhi Period of Qing Dynasty”.


Mao Zishui (1893-1988) was born in Jiangshan County, Quzhou City, Zhejiang Province.

All the writings are collected in the Complete Works of Mao Zishui (five major parts).


Meng Sen (1868-1937) was named “Shu Sun” and “Xin Shi”. Jiangsu Wujin people. An outstanding founder of the discipline of Qing history in modern China.

Author of “Lecture Notes on Ming History”, “Lecture Notes on Qing History”, “Series of Heart History”, “Pre-Qing Dynasty”, “General Records of Ming, Yuan and Qing Dynasties”, “Collection of Works on Ming and Qing Dynasties” and “Continuation”, etc.


Qi Sihe (1907-1980) was a native of Ningjin, Shandong Province.

Author of “Exploration and Research of Chinese History”, “Lecture Notes on World Medieval History”, “Modern Western History” (English), “Relationship between China and Byzantium”, “Lecture Notes on Introduction to History”, “Story of Yellow Emperor’s Making Utensils” and “Origin of Five Elements Theory”; Editor-in-chief of “Annual Report of Historiography”, “Journal of Yanjing”, “Opium War”, “Second Opium War”, “General History of the World” (Ancient History Volume) and “Small Series of Foreign History” in “Annual Report of Historiography”, “Journal of Yanjing” (Series of Materials on Modern Chinese History); It has compiled literature collections “Western Europe in the Early Middle Ages”, “Western Europe in the Late Middle Ages” and “New Historiography”, translated “New Historiography” and compiled “Chronology of Chinese and Foreign History”.


Qian Mu (1895-1990) was born in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province. Word Bin Four. Pseudonyms Gong Sha, Liang Yin, and forget, Gu Yun. Zhai Hao Su Shu Tang, Su Shu Lou.

Writing “Outline of National History”, taking a continuous view to understand the flow of history, insisting that Chinese people must have warmth and respect for national history, so as to stimulate the enthusiasm and sincerity of cherishing and protecting their own history and culture, to expound the historical view of national culture, and to publicly promote it as the best work in China’s general history.

He wrote a lot of books, There are mainly “On Chinese Interpretation” “Essentials of Mencius” Introduction to Chinese Studies “The Year of Pre-Qin Philosophers” “Academic History of China in Recent 300 Years” Introduction to Chinese Cultural History “Chinese Religious Society and Outlook on Life” “Culture and Education” Introduction to Chinese Cultural History “Private Speech of Political Studies” “Evolution of Chinese Society” “Chinese Intellectuals” “Spirit of Chinese History” “Cultural Studies and Righteousness” “China’s Political Gains and Losses in past Dynasties” History of Chinese Thought Ten Theories of Life Interpretation of Four Books “New Theory of National History” “Yellow Emperor” History of Qin and Han Dynasties The Essentials of Yangming Studies “Popular Speech on Chinese Thought” History of Qin and Han Dynasties An Overview of Neo-Confucianism in Song and Ming Dynasties “Zhuang Lao Tong Bian” “A Brief Discussion on Confucian Classics and Ancient Prose in Han Dynasty” Confucius and the Spring and Autumn Annals New Explanation of Analects of Confucius “Famous Works of Chinese Historiography” “Shuangxi Alone Language” “Biography of Confucius” “Copy of Six Poems of Neo-Confucianism” “Chinese History Research Law”, “Nationality and Culture”, “Historical Records Geographical Names Examination”, “Introduction to History”, “Chinese Cultural Spirit”, “World Situation and Chinese Culture”, “Eighty Memories of Parents”, “Miscellaneous Memories of Teachers and Friends”, “Historical Records Geographical Names Examination”, “Twelve Lectures on Chinese Culture”, “Potential of Chinese Cultural Tradition”, “Three Steps in Life”, “Modern Chinese Academic Theory Balance”, “Late Learning Blind Speech”, “Soul and Heart”, “Chinese Academic General Meaning”, etc. Zhu Zi’s New Learning Case is an important work on his study of Neo-Confucianism.


Qu Tongzu (1910-2008) was born in Changsha, Hunan Province.

Author of “Chinese Law and Chinese Society”, “Qing Dynasty Local Government”, “Chinese Feudal Society”, “Han Dynasty Society”, etc. He has translated “Memoirs of Aiden” and so on.


Quan Hansheng (1912-2001) was born in Shunde, Guangdong. He is mainly engaged in the research of economic history of Tang and Song Dynasties, especially the economic history of Song Dynasty. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the focus of research turned to Ming, Qing and modern economic history.

Author of “On China’s Economic History”, “Research on China’s Economic History” and “A Brief History of Hanyeping Company”.


Shang Yue (1902-1982) was originally named Zhong Wu and Zong Wu, and was named Jian’an. Luoshan, Henan.

Author of “Outline of Chinese History”, “Lecture Notes on General History of China” and “Selected Papers on Shang Yue’s History”.


Shao Xunzheng (1909-1973) has a constant mind. Fuzhou, Fujian.

He presided over and edited the “Sino-French War”, “Sino-Japanese War” and “Sheng Xuanhuai’s Unpublished Letter” in the “China Modern History Data Series”. Author of “The Beginning and End of Sino-French Vietnam Relations”, “Collection of Historical Essays by Shao Xunzheng” and “Outline of Chinese History” co-authored with Jian Bozan and Hu Hua, and “Outline of Chinese History” Volume 4 co-authored with Chen Qinghua.


Shi Nianhai (1912-2001) was a native of Pinglu, Shanxi. He is one of the main founders of Chinese historical geography.

Author of “China’s Canal”, “Rivers and Mountains Collection” (1, 2 and 3 episodes), “Outline of China’s Historical Geography” [1 and 2 volumes] (Shanxi People’s Publishing House, 1991-1992), “China’s Ancient Capital and Culture” (Zhonghua Book Company, 1998), “Research on Tang Dynasty’s Historical Geography” (China Social Sciences Publishing House, 1998), “Evolution and Management of Rivers in the Yellow River Basin” (Shaanxi People’s Publishing House, 1999), and co-author of “History of China’s Territory Evolution” with Gu Jiegang.


Sun Yutang (1911-1985) was born in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province.

Author of “Materials on Modern Industrial History of China” (Part I) and “Essays on Social Economy in Ancient China”, etc. All papers are collected in “Collection of Academic Papers by Sun Yutang” (Zhonghua Book Company 1995).


Tang Changru (1911-1994) was from Wujiang County, Jiangsu Province.

Author of monographs such as “The History of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties”, “The Continuation of the History of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties”, “The Collection of History of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties”, “Tang Shu Bing Zhi Jian Zheng”, “Shan Ju Cun Gao”, “Three Theories of History of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties”, etc. He edited “Reference Materials for General History of China (Fascicles of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties)”, “Documents Unearthed in Turpan” (10 volumes in total), “Preliminary Study on Dunhuang and Turpan Documents” and “Encyclopedia of China” History Volume, Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties History.


Tan Qixiang (1911-1992) was born in Jiashan, Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province under the pseudonym of He Zi. The main founder and pioneer of Chinese historical geography.

Editor-in-chief and presided over the revision of “Atlas of Chinese History”, “Chinese Natural Geography, Historical Natural Geography”, “Cihai” Historical Geography fascicle, etc. Important works include “Changshui Collection”, etc.


Tao Xisheng (1899-1988), named Huiceng, was named Xisheng, and was named Fang Junfeng. People from Huanggang, Hubei Province.

Editor-in-chief of “Food and Goods Semimonthly”, author of “Chinese Social Phenomena Collection”, “Contemporary Chinese Historiography”, “Trends and Drops” (Taipei Biography Literature Publishing House, 1979 Edition), “Analysis of Chinese Social History” (Liaoning Education Publishing House, 1998 Edition), etc.


Wei Juxian (1899-1989) was born in Wanquan, Shanxi Province with the word Huai Bin, Jieshan, Zhu Chen, Yao De, Wei Exorcist. He has expertise in archaeology, ancient coins and natural history.

Author of “History of Chinese Archaeology”, “Small History of Chinese Archaeology”, “Study of Ancient History”, “History of Chinese Society”, “Ancient and Modern Currency”, “Ancient Utensils”, “Introduction to Thirteen Classics”, “Ancient Money”, “Index of Ancient Money Year Number”, “Study of Chu Ci”, “Philology”, “Taiwan Mountain Compatriots Migrated from West China”, etc.


Wang Guowei (1877-1927) was named Boyu and Jing’an, and was named Guantang. From Haining, Zhejiang.Wang Guowei (December 3, 1877-June 2, 1927) was named Guozhen at the beginning, Jing’an at the beginning, Boyu at the beginning, Guantang at the end, Yongguan at the end, and Zhongyi at the beginning. Han nationality, from Haining, Zhejiang Province. Wang Guowei is a famous scholar who enjoys international reputation during the intersection of China’s recent and modern times.Author of “Guan Tang Ji Lin” and so on. He wrote a lot of books in his life, most of which were compiled in the suicide note of Mr. Wang Jing’an in Haining.


Wang Tongling (1878-1953), named Yishan, was born in Renqiu, Hebei Province.

Author of “Chinese History”, “Oriental History”, “Chinese National History”, “History of Party Struggle in Chinese History”, “Similarities and Differences between Confucianism and Mohism”, etc.


Weng Dujian (1906-1986) was originally named Weng Xianhua. Fuqing County, Fujian Province.

Author of “Xin Yuan Shi, Meng Wu Er Shi Ji Ai Xue Chuan Ding Mistake”, “Wo Tuo Za Kao”, “Yuan Dynasty Code Compilation”, “Yuan Dynasty Law Language Collection Interpretation” and so on.


Wang Yangchong (1907-2008) was born in Shanghai Nanhui. He is an important founder in the research field of the history of the French Revolution in China and the history of modern western thoughts.

Author of “Research on the French Revolution”, “Evolution of Modern Western Sociological Thoughts”, “History of the French Revolution”, etc. He also translated “Collection of Napoleon’s Letters and Documents” and “Selected Works of Robespierre”, which accumulated valuable documents for the study of French history.


Wang Zhonghan (1913-2007) was born in Dong’an County, Hunan Province. Experts in Qing and Manchu history.

Author of “Chinese National History” (Editor-in-Chief), “Collection of Manchu Studies on Korean Studies” (Editor-in-Chief), “A Brief History of Manchu” (One of the General Compilation), “A New Examination of Qing History”, etc.


Wu Han (1909-1969), formerly known as Wu Chunhan, was born in Yiwu, Zhejiang Province.

He presided over the revision of the “Map of past Dynasties” and the punctuation of “Zi Zhi Tong Jian”. He edited the “Chinese History Series” and “Foreign History Series”. He wrote “Reading Notes on History”, “Biography of Zhu Yuanzhang” and “Mirror of History”, “Historical Facts and Figures”, “Lighting Collection”, “Spring Collection”, “Throwing Guns Collection”, “Learning Collection”, “Reading Notes on Three Villages” and “Talking about backbone”.


Xia Cengyou (1865-1924) was named Sui Qing, a Sui Qing, and a Bieshi. Hangzhou, Zhejiang.

Author of “The Latest Chinese History Textbook for Middle Schools”, renamed “Ancient Chinese History” when it was reprinted in 1993.


Xia Nai (1910-1985) was inscribed. Wenzhou, Zhejiang.

He edited and participated in the compilation of Huixian Excavation Report, Changsha Excavation Report, Archaeological Harvests of New China, Archaeological Discoveries and Research of New China, Encyclopedia of China Archaeology, and wrote New Discoveries of Qijia Tombs and Revision of Their Dating, Archaeological Papers, History of Archaeology and Science and Technology, Chinese Archaeological Research, Origin of Chinese Civilization, etc.


Xiang Da (1900-1966) was named Jueming. People from Xupu, Hunan. Tujia nationality. He is committed to the study of traffic history between China and the West, Dunhuang Studies, etc.

Author of “Chang’an in Tang Dynasty and Civilization in the Western Regions”, “History of Traffic between China and the West”, “Notes on Manshu” and so on.


Yang Liansheng (1914-1990), formerly known as Liansheng, later took Liansheng as the word. Originally from Shaoxing, Zhejiang, he was born in Baoding, Hebei.

Author of “A Brief History of Chinese Currency and Credit”; The essence of Young’s works is mostly included in “Research on the History of Chinese System” (English), “Scattered Strategies of Sinology” (English), “Exploration of Sinology” and “Collected Essays of Yang Liansheng”.


Yang Xiangkui (1910-2000) was a native of Fengrun, Hebei Province.

His main works include “Research on Ancient Chinese Society and Ancient Thoughts”, “Academic Collected Works of Yi Shi Zhai”, “Academic Collected Works of Yi Jing Shi Shi”, “New Edition of Qing Confucianism”, “Zong Zhou Society and Ritual and Music Civilization”, etc.


Mr Yeung and his wife

Yang Ren Zhen (1903-1973) was born in Liling County, Hunan Province. It has laid a foundation for China’s study of African history.

Representative works include Compendium of General History of Africa, etc. He translated Zweig’s “Romain Rolland”, Kropotkin’s “History of the French Revolution”, Hollande’s “Outline of World Cultural History”, Gothschalke’s “History of the French Revolution” and Madieu’s “History of the French Revolution”. He also presided over the compilation of the “First Edition of World History Data Series”.


Yao Congwu (1894-1970), formerly known as Shi Ao, was named Zhan Qing and was named Congwu. After middle age, he was named Xing. From Xiangcheng County, Henan Province. One of the founders of modern Chinese historiography in Liao, Song, Jin and Yuan Dynasties.

Author of the first full translation of “The Secret History of Mongolia”, most of which are collected in “Complete Works of Mr. Yao Congwu” (10 volumes in total), which have been published one after another by Taipei Zhengzhong Book Company.


Yin Da (1906-1983), formerly known as Liu Huozhai, was born in Hua County, Henan Province.

Editor-in-chief of “Historical Research”, participated in editing “Archaeological Journal” and “Collection of Oracle Bone Inscriptions”, and wrote “Primitive Society of China”, “Neolithic Age” and “Development History of Chinese Historiography” (Editor-in-Chief), etc.


Zhang Shunhui (1911-1992) was born in Yuanjiang County, Hunan Province (now Yuanjiang City).

Author of Shuowen Jiezi Yue Zhu, Zheng Xuecong Zhu, Zhou Qin Dao Lun Fa Wei, Qing People’s Collected Works Bielu, Qing People’s Notes Bian, Shi Ping San Shu Ping Yi, Guang Xue Chou Lue, Chinese Philology, Han Shu Yi Wen Zhi Tong Shi, Qing Confucianism Ji. In addition, there are five kinds of “Ji Shi Cong Gao”, “Introduction to Chinese History Essays”, “Collection of Essays on Chinese History”, “Proofreading Method of Ancient Chinese History Records”, “Qing Dynasty Yangzhou Xue Ji”, “Gu Ting Lin Xue Ji”, “Revised Edition Guang Xue Chou Chou Chou”, “Old Xue Ji Cun”, “Guang Wen Meng Qiu”, “Yan Shi Ming”, “Zhou Qin Zheng Lun Lei Quan”, “Chinese Proofreading” and so on.


Zhang Qiyun (1900-1985), a geographer, was born in Yinxian County, Zhejiang Province.

Author of “National Geography”, “Political Geography”, “Research on Chinese Geography”, “Regional Records of China”, “Outline of History of the Republic of China”, “Five Thousand Years of Chinese History”, “Jin History”, “Yuan History”, “Qing History”, “Complete Book of the Father of the Nation”, “History of Anti-Japanese War”, etc.


Zhang Xingzhuo (1889-1951) Yu Liangchen. He is good at the history of Sino-foreign relations.

He translated two versions of Marco Polo’s Travels. Author of “Compilation of Historical Materials on Chinese and Western Transportation”, etc.


Zhang Yinlin (1905-1942) was a native of Dongguan, Guangdong Province. In his later years, he studied the history of the Song Dynasty.

Zhang Yinlin was born in November 1905 in an official family and graduated from Guangdong Provincial No.2 Middle School in 1922. The following year, he was admitted toTsinghua SchoolI did not study in the third grade of secondary school. Only half a year, in the “Xueheng“The 21st issue of the magazine published its debut book,” Doubts about Confucius’s Theory of More than a Hundred Years after Lao Zi was Born “, aiming at historians.Liang QichaoThe teachers and students in Tsinghua were greatly shocked by the objection to the textual research of Lao Zi’s deeds and were greatly appreciated by Liang Qichao. In June 1924, he published a paper entitled “A Survey of the Importation of Western Learning into China during the Ming and Qing Dynasties” to analyze the differences between the Western learning introduced into the Ming and Qing Dynasties and its influence on Chinese culture.Author of “Outline of Chinese History” (ancient articles), later generations compiled his papers into “Collected Works of Zhang Yinlin”.


Zhang Zhengzhuo (1912-2005) Zi Yuan Feng, Shandong Rong Adult. Archaeology, Paleography.

Editor-in-chief of “Atlas of Chinese Historical Relics” (15 volumes in total); The main academic achievements are collected in Zhang Zhengzhuo’s Collection of Literature and History.


Zhao Lisheng (1917-2007) was born in Anqiu City, Shandong Province.

From 1939 to 1947, he taught in Ganzhou Middle School, Xi’an High School, Shaanxi Rotary Middle School and Yongxing Senior Industrial School. SuccessorHenan UniversityAssociate Professor. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, he successively served as Northeast Normal University, Shandong UniversityLanzhou UniversityProfessor, Gansu ProvinceHistoriographyThe first vice president of the meeting. Engaged in early yearsSoviet literatureTranslation and revolutionary literary creation toFeng Yi and others have published many translations, scripts and novels under pseudonyms. After specializing inHistory of China’s Land SystemAnd ChinaPeasant warShi. In his later years, he specialized in pre-Qin literature.To explore the source of Chinese culture. He has published 16 books and more than 200 papers.Author of “Collected Works of Zhao Lisheng” (Lanzhou University Press), etc.


Zhao Wanli (1905-1980) is a versionist and Dunhuang scholar. From Haining, Zhejiang.

Author of “Tang Dynasty Writes This Article, Heart Carving Dragon Remnant Volume Proofreading Record”, “Wei Imperial Clan Dongyang Wang Rong and Dunhuang Writing Scripture” and so on.


Zheng Tianting (1899-1981), formerly known as Qing Zhen, was born in Beijing under the pseudonym of Yi Sheng. He was originally from Changle, Fujian Province.

Author of “Records of Consular Jurisdiction of Nations in China”, “Exploration of Qing History”, “Exploration Collection”, “Brief Introduction of Qing History”, “Reference Materials of General History of China” (co-edited with Jian Bozan), “Selected Readings of Historical Masterpieces” (editor-in-chief), etc. The main papers include Hang Shijun’s “Supplement to the Records of the Three Kingdoms” and Zhao Yiqing’s “Supplement to the Records of the Three Kingdoms”, “Dourgen’s Speculation about the Imperial Father”, “The Presentation of the Imperial Family in the Qing Dynasty”, “The Clan and Blood System of the Imperial Family in the Qing Dynasty”, “The Land of the Qiang Family”, “The Shogunate of the Qing Dynasty”, “The Eight Banners Soldiers and the Green Battalion Soldiers in the Qing Dynasty”.



Zhu Xizu (1879-1944) was born in Haiyan, Zhejiang Province.

Author of “General Theory of Chinese Historiography” (Chongqing Independent Publishing House, 1943), “Ji Zhong Shu Kao” (Beijing Zhonghua Book Company, 1960), “Ming Ji Historical Materials Inscription” (Zhonghua Book Company, 1961), etc.


Zhou Gucheng (1898-1996) was born in Yiyang, Hunan.

Author of “New Theory of Rural Society” (Shanghai Far East Library, 1939) and “A Brief History of Chinese Education” (Taidong Book Bureau, 1929), “Structure of Chinese Society” (1930), “Changes in Chinese Society” (New Life Bookstore, 1931), “Current Situation of Chinese Society” (1933), “Life System”, “On Chinese Social History”, “General History of China”, “History of Chinese Politics”, “General History of the World”, “Formal Logic and Dialectics”, “History and Aesthetics”, “Selected Works of Zhou Gucheng’s Historical Papers”, etc. He also translated “The Way Out for Culture” and “New Education in the Soviet Union”.


Zhou Yiliang (1913-2001) used words too early in his early years. Anhui Dongzhi was born in Qingdao. Japanese history and Asian history are especially accomplished.

Author of “Ancient History of Asian Countries” (Volume I), “History of Sino-Japanese Cultural Relations”, “General History of the World” (edited by Wu Yujin), “History of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties”, “Notes on History of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties”, “Continuation of History of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties”, “Several Issues of Sino-Japanese Cultural Reform”, “History of Sino-foreign Cultural Relations”, “History of Sino-foreign Cultural Exchange” (edited by Wu Yujin), “Tantric Sect of Tang Dynasty”, etc. “After all, I am a Scholar”, “Miscellaneous Memories of Diamond Marriage”, “On the History of Sino-Japanese Cultural Relations” (Jiangxi People’s Publishing House, 1993), “Selected Works of Zhou Yiliang’s Academic Works” (Capital Normal University Publishing House, 1995), “Tantric Sect of Tang Dynasty” (Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1996), etc.


Zhou Chuanru (1900-1988) was born in Jiang’an County, Sichuan Province.

Author of “Ancient Chinese History”, “Oracle Bone Inscriptions and Yin Shang System”, “Examination of Academy System”, “New Factions and New Trends in Chinese History”, etc.


Zhang Kaiyuan (1926-) was born in Xing Wu, Zhejiang (now Huzhou City).

Editor-in-chief of “History of the 1911 Revolution” (3 volumes in total, People’s Publishing House 1980), Author of 1911 Revolution and Modern Society (Tianjin People’s Publishing House, 1985), “The Footprint of Pioneers-Zhang Jiao’s Manuscript” (Zhonghua Book Company 1986), Divorce and Return-An Analysis of the Relationship between Traditional Culture and Modernization (Hunan People’s Publishing House, 1989), “On Historical Events Before and After 1911” (Published by Huazhong Normal University in 1990), “Continuation of Historical Events around 1911” (Huazhong Normal University Press, 1996), “Historical Witness of Nanjing Massacre” (Hubei People’s Publishing House, 1995), “Shizhai Notes” (Shanghai Oriental Publishing Center, 1998), “General History of Hubei” (Huazhong Normal University Press, 2000), “Historical Witness of Nanjing Massacre II” (Nanjing University Press, 2001), “Zhang Jian and Modern Society” (Huazhong Normal University Press, 2001), etc.


Qi Xia (March 12, 1923-November 2, 2001) is a Chinese historian.

Born in Juye, Shandong Province in 1923, he was admitted in 1944.National Southwest Associated UniversityDepartment of History, 1948Peking UniversityAfter graduation, he entered the History Department of the Liberal Arts Research Institute of Peking University to study as a graduate student. From March 1951 to December 1953, he worked in the Institute of Modern History of the Chinese Academy of Sciences as an assistant researcher. Since 1953, he has taught in Tianjin Normal University (later renamed asTianjin Normal UniversityHebei University). Later, he served as director, professor and doctoral supervisor of the History Research Institute of Hebei University. He also served as director of the Chinese History Association, president of the Chinese Song History Research Association, consultant (former director) of the Chinese Peasant War History Association.Hebei Historical SocietyPresident, Vice Chairman of Hebei Social Science Association, etc. He died in Baoding, Hebei Province in 2001.

Chen Xulu (1918 ~ 1988), Xiangxiang County, Hunan Province (nowShuangfeng County) was originally named Xiulu. Chen Xulu is a famous historian,East China Normal UniversityOne of the founding fathers.

Mr. Chen also served asChinese History SocietyDirector,Chinese Society of Modern HistoryVice Chairman,Shanghai Zhongshan SocietyVice President, Vice Chairman of Shanghai Chinese and Western Philosophy and Culture Exchange Center, Vice Chairman of Shanghai Local Records Research Association.Author of “Junior High School History of Our Country”, “Sima Qian’s View of History”, “Metabolism of Modern Chinese Society》《Floatation recording“And so on. Among them, “Metabolism of Modern Chinese Society” and “Floating Thinking Record” are praised as “symbolic texts of Chinese local historiography” in the new era.

He Bingsong (1890——1946Zi Bai Cheng, a native of Houxihe Village, Jinhua, Zhejiang Province, is good at studying western history. In his whole life, he made great achievements in historical research and wrote a lot of books. He is the author of more than ten monographs such as “New Meaning of General History”, “New Historiography”, “Historical Research Law”, “Historical Education Law”, “History of Western Historiography”, “Middle European History”, “Qin Shihuang Emperor”, “Modern European History”, “Modern European History”, “Tracing to the Source of Eastern Zhejiang School”, “Cheng Zhu Debate on Different” and so on, with more than zero other monographs. In addition, He Bingsong has also made great contributions to education.

Meng Wentong (1894-1968)Zierda, named Wen Tong, is from Shiniu Temple Township, Yanting County, Sichuan Province. An outstanding historian in modern China.Mr. Meng Wentong has worked hard all his life in the field of ancient Chinese history and ancient academic culture research, with deep attainments and high achievements. In his early years, he was educated by Liao Ping and Liu Shipei, masters of Chinese studies in the late Qing Dynasty. He began his long academic career by studying traditional Confucian classics. Later, he asked Mr. Ouyang Jingwu, a master of modern Buddhism, about Buddhism and ancient academic thoughts. He continued to broaden the research world and made continuous progress throughout his life. He finally became a famous scholar who was knowledgeable in the history of Confucian classics, various schools of thought, Buddhism, Taoism, Buddhism, Buddhism, Ming and Qing Dynasties and philosophy. His major works include: Zhen Wei in Ancient History, Annotations to Lao Zi in Li Rong, Yi Shu of Lao Zi in Cheng Xuanying, Studies on Ethnic Minorities in Zhou and Qin Dynasties, and Fu Yuan in Confucian Classics.

Xie Guozhen (1901-1982)In the 15th year of the Republic of China (1926), he was admitted to the Tsinghua School Research Institute (Chinese Studies Department). He mainly studied and studied with Liang Qichao and graduated the following year. After liberation, he successively taught and taught in Nankai University and the History Research Institute of the Philosophy and Social Sciences Department of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (later changed to the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences). In his whole life, he has made remarkable achievements in the history of Ming and Qing Dynasties, philology, epigraphy and society of Han Dynasty. He has written such important works and a large number of academic papers as “Examination of Historical Materials of the Founding of the Qing Dynasty”, “Examination of Historical Records of the Late Ming Dynasty” (updated editions were published twice after liberation), “Examination of the Party and Society Movement during the Ming and Qing Dynasties” and compiled such data collections as “Compilation of Historical Materials of Peasant Uprising in the Early Qing Dynasty”, “Selected Historical Materials of Peasant Uprising in the Ming Dynasty” and “Selected Historical Materials of Social Economy in the Ming Dynasty”.

Wu Mi (1894-1978) was a native of Jingyang County, Shaanxi Province. The word Yu Monk, Yu Heng, pseudonym for the rest of his life, is a famous modern Chinese western writer, master of Chinese studies and poet. Professor of the Faculty of Literature of the National Southeast University (1926-1928), Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages of the National Southwest Associated University, and elected as an appointed professor of the Ministry of Education in 1941. One of the founders of Tsinghua University State College, who has studied Chinese and Western cultures and integrated ancient and modern times, is called the father of Chinese comparative literature. With Chen Yinque and Tang Yongtong, they are called “Harvard Three Heroes”. His works include Wu Mi’s Poetry Anthology, Literature and Life, Wu Mi’s Diary, etc. During his teaching in Nanjing, he founded Xueheng Magazine with Liu Yixi, Liu Boming, Mei Guangdi, Hu Xiansu and Tang Yongtong as editor-in-chief. The magazine has published 79 issues in 11 years. Its aim is mainly to advocate Chinese studies and introduce European and American studies. Because of the objection to the vernacular, it formed a confrontation with the New Culture Movement at that time. During this period, he wrote papers such as “China’s New and Old” and “On the New Culture Movement”. He adopted classicism, attacked the new style of free poetry, advocated maintaining the due value of Chinese cultural heritage, and tasted China’s Babbitt as his own. Wu Mi believed that “only by finding out what is universally effective and lasting in the cultural tradition of the Chinese nation can we rebuild our national self-esteem”.

Chen Gonglu (1900-8 October 1966),A native of Gaozi Town, Dantu County, Jiangsu Province, studied in Yangzhou Meihan Middle School and Nanjing Jinling University in his early years. During his study, he compiled and published “The Complete History of Japan”; After graduating from Nanjing Mingde Middle School in 15 years of the Republic of China, he was a teacher and wrote “General History of India”. In September of the 17th year of the Republic of China, he went to Jinling University to teach the history of China for nearly 100 years. In the summer of the 22nd year of the Republic of China, he was a professor at Wuhan University and published “Modern Chinese History”, which was sold to four editions within a few months and was listed as one of the university series at that time. Later, he reprinted and reprinted many times. It had a great influence on the academic circle at that time and returned to Jinda for publication after three years.“China’s Nearly 100 Years History”; After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, he moved to southern Anhui with the school and later arrived in Chengdu. He experienced hardships and suffered from the national disaster and family sorrow. In addition to teaching, he wrotePart of the “General History of China” has published papers such as “Qin Shihuang and Confucianism”, “On Cultural Unification in Han Dynasty” and “Estimation of Shu Hukou in the Three Kingdoms”. After the Japanese army surrendered, it bypassed the northwest and returned to its hometown in the east. The family moved to Nanjing and concentrated on academic research. In 1951, in SuzhouHe studied in the Political Research Institute of East China People’s Revolutionary University and has been a professor in the History Department of Nanjing University ever since. He joined the Jiusan Society in 1956He was a member of the 2nd and 3rd CPPCC sessions in Nanjing. Throughout his life, he was cautious and realistic in his research and devoted himself to history teaching and research.Investigate; Lectures are serious and responsible, teaching people tirelessly, and are deeply loved by students. He died of cancer in October 1966.

Tang Degang (August 23, 1920-October 26, 2009), AmericanChineseScholars,HistorianBiographical literatureHome,RedologyHome;

Born in 1920AnhuiProvinceHefeiShannan Pavilion, Xixiang CountyTang LaoweiHe studied in Shucheng Middle School. In 1939, he entered ChongqingNational Central UniversityNanjing UniversityHistoryDepartment; 1943Graduation, obtainBachelor’s Degree; In 1944, inAnhuiThe Department of History and Geography of the College teaches “General History of the West”; In 1948, he went to the United States.Study abroad, 1952Master of Columbia University, 1959Doctor of History; After that, he stayed at Columbia University to teach Chinese.LibraryCurator, responsible forOral historyChina part of the plan; In 1972,RecruitmentForCity University of New YorkProfessor,AsiaResearch DepartmentDean of Department; Former President of the New York Literature and Art Association; On 26 October 2009, due toRenal failureDied in the United StatesSan FranciscoAt Fremont’s house,At the age of89 years old.

Huang Renyu, a Chinese-American, once joined the army.Anti-Japanese WarAndCivil War between the Kuomintang and the Communist PartyPeriodNational Army of the Republic of ChinaAfter going to the United States to study,University of MichiganDoctor of History is known to the world as a historian, an expert in Chinese history and Ming history, and an advocate of a grand view of history. Author ofFifteen Years of Wanli》、《Great History of China“Such as best sellers.

Mao Jiaqi, male, born in 1927, JiangsuHe is an internationally renowned historian, winner of the Lifetime Achievement Award of Nanjing University, and honorary senior professor of humanities and social sciences of Nanjing University.

He was admitted to the Central University in 1947 and graduated from the Department of Economics of Nanjing University in 1951 (the Central University was renamed Nanjing University), where he stayed to teach. He has served as professor, doctoral supervisor, dean, director of the History Research Institute and director of the Taiwan Research Institute of Nantah. He is currently the deputy editor-in-chief of the “Chinese Thinkers Series” and convener of the Final Appeal Group, and a librarian of Jiangsu Provincial Museum of Literature and History. From the beginning of the 1950s, Mao Jiaqi studied the history of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under the guidance of senior historians such as Luo Ergang and Chen Gonglu. In the 1980s, he began to study the history of Taiwan in the late Qing Dynasty and after 1949.

Gao Hua (1954.05 ~ 2011.12.26), male, from Nanjing, Jiangsu, was admitted in 1978.Department of History, Nanjing University, under the guidance of famous historiansMao JiaqiHe received bachelor’s, master’s and doctor’s degrees in history.

Gao Huasheng was a professor and doctoral supervisor in the Department of History of Nanjing University before, concurrently serving asEast China Normal UniversityProfessor of History, Doctoral Supervisor,Renmin University of ChinaAdjunct Professor, Institute of International Relations,Taiwan Political UniversityVisiting Professor, Department of History,Chinese University of Hong KongVisiting Professor, Department of History, etc.Gao Huawei is a well-known Chinese historian, a well-known Chinese contemporary CPC history and Mao Zedong expert, and is praised by the industry as “the most outstanding scholar in the field of contemporary Chinese history research”. Author of “Standing at the Fenglingdu Gate of History”, “Revolutionary age“And other works. Among them, the representative work “The Red Sun Rises in how: The Cause and Effect of Yan’an Rectification Movement” reveals the origin and mode of Chinese ideological transformation, especially in academic circles.

This article is reprinted from the public number: On Modern History


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