Assyrian Babylonian Documents
Edited by Daniel David Lukenbir
The Assyrian Babylonian Literature is an original photocopy in English. The original version is the original English version published by the University of Chicago Press from 1926 to 1927.Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia Vol.1-2. The Assyrian Babylonian Literature has only two volumes: the first volume points out the main points and briefly describes the early history of Assyria. The translated Assyrian ancient literature covers from Adad-nirari I, the earliest known man with definite reign time, to Shalmaneser V, who conquered Israel. The translation of Assyrian documents covered in Volume 2 starts from Sargon II (brother of Salma Nasar V) to the fall of Nineveh City. At the end of the volume is attached a list of Assyrian monarchs and a keyword index.
Author’s Brief Introduction
Daniel David Lukenbir(Daniel David Luckenbill, 1881-1927), Professor of Semitic Language and Literature Department, University of Chicago, USA, Lifetime Member of Art Institute of Chicago, Assyrian Collection Director, Haskell Oriental Museum. Member of the Eastern Expedition at the University of Chicago from 1919 to 1920. He compiled the Assyrian Dictionary and was a famous scholar of languages and documents in the ancient two river basins in the 20th century.
HISTORICAL RECORDS OF ASSYRIA
From the earliest times to Sargon
HISTORICAL RECORDS OF ASSYRIA
From Sargon to the end
Ashurbanipal, the last great monarch of the Assyrian kingdom, once carved “I am Ashurbanipal: King of the World, King of Assyria” on the clay board in cuneiform. The Assyrian kingdom under his rule reached its peak with economic prosperity, cultural prosperity and unprecedented territory. But when he died (627 BC), the Assyrian kingdom declined sharply: in 612 years ago, the capital Nineveh was captured and destroyed; In 605 years ago, the Assyrian Kingdom officially perished.
Assyrian Kingdom arose in Mesopotamia Plain and is one of the most complete and long-term ancient civilization kingdoms in the thousands of years of history of the two river basins. From becoming an independent country in the early 2000 BC to its demise in the middle of the first 1000 BC, Assyrian Kingdom experienced more than 1,000 years and was the most powerful military empire in the two river basins and even in the world at that time.
The history and civilization of Assyrian Kingdom were once annihilated in the long river of time. In 1845, British archaeologist Austen Henry Layard excavated the ruins of Nineveh City and obtained a large number of precious Assyrian cultural relics, including stone carvings, cuneiform clay inscriptions, ivory, bronze, pottery, seals, etc., especially a large number of breathtaking reliefs of large palace stone carvings. Since then, Assyrian civilization has gradually become known to the world and soon aroused strong interest from cultural relics collectors and scholars.
In 1895, the University of Chicago was the only university to carry out research on ancient Egyptian language and culture. The University of Chicago has launched a program: “To make the historical documents of ancient Egyptian accessible in English”. In 1905, The University of Chicago extended the program to all Near Eastern civilizations, And renamed it “Ancient Records Series”, With James Henry Brested as chief editor, It is planned to translate into English the written records left by the ancient Egyptians, Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians. And arranged in chronological order, In order to facilitate scholars to further study the life and historical events of the people in the ancient world (on James Henry Brested and his editor-in-chief “Ancient Egyptian Documents”, Please also refer to Jin Shoufu’s “Creating a Milestone in Egyptology by One’s Own Efforts-Written at the Time of Reprinting Brested’s” Ancient Egyptian Literature “, which was included in Brested’s editor-in-chief” Ancient Egyptian Literature “and photocopied and published by China and the West Book Company in April 2018). After that, due to the ups and downs of personnel and the outbreak of the First World War, the plan was once stranded. It was not until 1919 that the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago was established that the program was restarted.
From 1926 to 1927, phased project resultsAncient Records of Assyria and Babylonia Vol.1-2(Assyrian Babylonian Literature, Volume 1 and Volume 2) Published by University of Chicago Press. Daniel David Luckenbill (1881-1927), editor-in-chief of the book, is an Assyrian expert and professor of Semitic languages and literature at the University of Chicago. He is alsoAssyrian Dictionary(Assyrian Dictionary) the first editor-in-chief.
On June 21, 1881, Lukenbir was born near Hamburg, Pennsylvania, USA. He received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1903, went to Berlin University in 1905 to study, received his doctor’s degree from the University of Chicago in 1907, and found his lifelong job there. In 1914, he married Florence Parker in Beverly Hills, a suburb of Chicago. The marriage freed him from the poverty of life, but his financial affluence did not prevent him from continuing to work. He still kept working hard and his health was overdrawn by his work. There is evidence that in the spring of 1927, shortly before he went to England, he already knew that his physical condition was not good, but he insisted on finding texts as far away as London and other places and continuing his work related to dictionaries and ancient documents. He contracted typhoid fever on his journey to England and died shortly after arriving in London. He was only 46 years old. The death of Professor Lukenbir is a great loss in the field of ancient cultural research in West Asia.
Professor Lukenbir wrote 34 academic monographs before his death, many of which were incisive and original and thought-provoking. There is no doubt that the Assyrian Babylonian Literature is his representative work. This book is not only another monument of Professor Lukenbir’s academic research, but also an important component of the treasure house of ancient civilization and historical documents in the world. Due to the untimely death of Professor Lukenbir, The Assyrian Babylonian Literature has only two volumes: the first volume points out the gist and briefly describes the early history of Assyria. The translated Assyrian ancient literature covers from Adad-nirari I, the earliest known man with definite reign time, to Shalmaneser V, who conquered Israel. The translation of Assyrian documents covered in Volume 2 starts from Sargon II (brother of Salma Nasar V) to the fall of Nineveh City. At the end of the volume is attached a list of Assyrian monarchs and a keyword index.
The book Assyrian Babylonian Documents is the first time to introduce complete Assyrian historical documents into western academic circles in English. It is a necessary classic book for studying Assyrian history, Assyrian culture and ancient civilization in the two river basins. In order to make this book available to more readers and convenient for academic circles to use, this book is now photocopied and published based on the original English version of the University of Chicago Press from 1926 to 1927.
This article is reproduced from the public number: China and the West Book Company
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